in New Zealand
2007 the Ministry of Fisheries (MFish) advised they would be consulting
on whether to increase the total allowable catch for school shark
in northern New Zealand and by how much.
and current allowances
shark the east and west coast fisheries of northern New Zealand
are in one quota management area (SCH1). The commercial quota was
set at 560 tonne (t) in 1986. This increased to 668 t through decisions
of the Quota Appeal Authority.
the Minister of Fisheries agreed to increase commercial quotas in
SCH areas 3,5,7,8 by between 5% and 20% under a temporary adaptive
management project (AMP). This increased the national quota
from 3,121 t to 3,416 t (9.5%).
Maori caught many thousands of shark at particular times of the
year and preserved them by drying. School shark are a recognised
IGFA gamefish. Of the 20 line class world records New Zealand holds
17 of them. The all-tackle world record is a 33 kg fish caught in
Parengarenga Harbour in 1986. Until now no allowances for recreational
of customary Maori fishers have been set in SCH1.
school shark is mainly targeted with set nets and is a bycatch in
trawl and line fisheries. There is probably a single national stock
so increases in quota in one region may affect catches elsewhere.
The commercial catch in SCH1 has exceeded quota for 9 of the last
10 years by an average of 12% (78 t).
shark can be found throughout New Zealand. These sharks reach sexual
maturity between 12 and 17 years old and reach a maximum age of
at least 50 years. Breeding is not annual but probably occurs once
either every two or three years. Small females can have 5 -10 pups
while large females can have 40. The pups remain in shallow
nursery grounds during their first one or two years.
of late maturity, slow growth, and limited birth rate gives a low
overall productivity. Tagged school shark have moved all around
New Zealand and have crossed the Tasman in both directions.
MFish propose to either
increase the total allowable catch (TAC) by 27 t, by 78 t, or leave
it unchanged. They give 2 options for allocation where an increase
- a proportional allocation based on estimated shares of the fishery;
- a non-proportional allocation, giving 100% of the increase to
justify the second option by saying that the size of increases are
based on average commercial catches only and the recreational and
customary estimates are being set for the first time and an increase
in the recreational allowance of a few tonnes would not “ increase
the value that non-commercial fishers can obtain from the fishery”.
are also proposals elsewhere in the IPP to increase the deemed value
for SCH1 from $1.61 per kg to $1.75 per kg, which ramps up to $2.10
per kg if a fisher over catches ACE by more than 20%. But
MFish say they would only do this if the TAC is not increased.
an allowance for recreational fishers of 66 tonnes, based on the
2000 harvest survey. They also proposed an allowance for customary
fishers of 99 tonnes, based on 150% of the recreational allowance.
Any changes will take effect
on 1 October 2007. Submission deadline is July 27th.
The following table includes the documents
and submissions that form part of the overall process.
the NZBGFC's comments that persistent catch in excess of quota
and chronic deeming are not sufficient justification for increasing
the commercial catch limits.
Ministry of Fisheries
confirmation of their proposals to either increase the total
allowable catch for school shark or leave it unchanged.
for the future management of school shark including two options
for allocation where an increase to the total allowable catch
MFish advice letter
explaining the 2007 review process, the timeline and other
management matters is available here........
|The NZ Big Game Fishing Council's submission reiterates concerns
about the impact of surface longlining on the shark population
and calls for a ban on the practice of shark finning at sea.